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CENTER OF PARTISAN ZONE

Zhary is a village in Ushachi region, 164 kilometers away from Vitebsk and 26 kilometers away from railway station Lepel. In 2000 the population of the village was 294 people. It had 112 households. Zhary has a school, a post office, a kindergarten, a farm and a shop. There is a mass grave where 16 Soviet soldiers and 54 partisans were buried.

The village was founded most probably at the beginning of the 19th century. In 1926 its population was 545 people.

In August, 1941, a clandestine organization, consisting of about 20 people, was established in the village. They were engaged in liberating captured soldiers and officers, who they sent to a partisan detachment, headed by F. Dubrovsky.

On October 10th, 1942 seventy-six Jews and Belarusians were executed on the village outskirts.

On October 7th, 1942, a punitive squad arrived in the village to prepare graves-ditches. They gathered all the village residents, Jews and Belarusians (about 80 people), bashed them with canes, guns and lashes, and then shot them.

In 1965 a first memorial was set up on the execution site (a sculpture of a warrior), which was in 1979 replaced by a stele.

Yad Vashem archive

Arkady Podlipsky

Еврейское местечко под Минском


Jewish settlements in Vitebsk region

Vitebsk Albrehtovo Babinovichi Baran Bayevo Begoml Beshenkovichi Bocheikovo Bogushevsk Borkovichi Braslav Bychiha Chashniki Disna Dobromysli Dokshitsy Druya Dubrovno Glubokoye Gorodok Kamen Kohanovo Kolyshki Kopys Krasnopolie Kublichi Lepel Liady Liozno Lukoml Luzhki Lyntupy Miory Obol Oboltsy Orsha Osintorf Ostrovno Parafianovo Plissa Polotsk Prozorki Senno Sharkovshina Shumilino Sirotino Slaveni Smolyany Surazh Tolochin Ulla Verhnedvinsk Vidzy Volyntsy Yanovichi Yezerishe Zhary Ziabki

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